Of Comments and Copyrights…

My apologies to readers who have noticed that there has been a considerable delay in posting the next in my series of commentaries on “art in general”.  The delay has occurred  partly as a result of some upgrades needed for handling large numbers of comments (a “Site Use” page has been added to the website),  but also due to difficulties in trying to deal with copyright issues.  I will post this short commentary to explain, and then the usual posting which should have appeared much earlier, will be posted, but not as originally planned.  I will try to explain the situation here.

Before I begin this latest explanatory post, I want to take a few moments to acknowledge and thank all of you who have managed to find my new and relatively unknown blog.  Launched without great fanfare or even much planning and no advertising, many of you have found your way here and have taken the time to post encouraging words and comments which are greatly appreciated, and I thank you for your efforts and the kind words of encouragement.

In some cases, however, posted comments contained clearly commercial links unrelated to this blog or its content.  In an effort to help to preserve the original intent of this blog, and to prevent it from becoming a distraction for unrelated purposes, whether intended or not, I have added a page “Site Use” in which I ask that comments be relevant to the content and purpose of this blog, and that, unless a link clearly supports a relevant comment by a reader, links to other unrelated websites will not be approved for posting.

Due to the use of new comment management software, most of the original posts do not appear any longer, and my apologies to those of you who may have been wrongly affected by this recent change.  I certainly do not mean to discourage any legitimate comments or use of the website, and encourage you to please keep in touch and let us know what you are thinking (sans unrelated commercial links!).

I apologize again for the delay while updating the management software for this blog, but I hope the result will be worth it for all concerned, and I say that with all sincerity.  I further apologize for the delay in the usual business of posting new commentaries on this blog by me.

A second issue came up soon after the blog was launched, and it is one which all bloggers must eventually deal with, I suppose.  It is important to me to be able to post images, and perhaps other related material to illustrate points which I wish to make, in the process of my ongoing conversations about the subject of art and artists.  The next post which was intended to appear in this sequence was to be about an artist whom I mentioned in the previous posting, and whose work I felt would be of interest to my readers.  I will certainly post the commentary which I have prepared, but I delayed posting the note until I could obtain further information on copyright issues related to posting examples of the artist’s work.  I feel that they would be an important part of my commentary, and it’s always most convenient to readers if images being referenced can be seen as part of the posting.

Unfortunately, I am not a lawyer, and my research into copyright law has led me to believe that this area of law is confusing, to say the least.  I have found many sites which address this type of issue, but I have found few definitive answers.  Perhaps the best that I have found simply advises, “when in doubt, don’t do it”, and I suppose that can be taken as perhaps a general principle that might apply to just about anything at all, but it might be a good principle to have in mind.

I did invest time in trying to obtain permissions to use material from other websites  (art museums, etc) who do display images related to my post.  I hoped that I could just obtain permission to post selected images on my website as examples, with credit to the sources.  To date, I have received no responses from anyone from whom permission was requested.  That is not to say that I might not eventually obtain permission, but the wait could be long, indeed.

After failing to make much headway with copyright issues, I have been advised to simply provide links to sites where material can be found, including images, related to whatever I would like to talk about.  In the interest of avoiding further delays in posting, I have decided to go ahead with my own comments and images (no copyright infringement there), and simply provide links in the text to related material which I think would be of interest to my readers.  I hope you will understand that this is a compromise choice, but it is one which I think will work, even if it is not my first choice.  I don’t have a staff or budget to pursue permissions for everything, even if they could be obtained, so hopefully this will answer the need to help you find supplementary material which is related to my postings.

Enough said about that, and I assure you that when permissions can be obtained, I will provide the material, especially images, within the blog itself, and I will welcome comments from anyone who can shed further light on this issue.

In the meantime, for the sake of your further amusement (if not enlightenment), I’ll just post a quick, colored sketch of my own.  I think of her as a New York girl running to catch a taxi in the wind and rain (in keeping with my current theme).  Sometimes I feel just like this – how about you?  Isn’t life just like that?

NY Girl

“Uptown Girl” – colored sketch

My thanks again to my loyal new readers for your interest and your comments.  My next regular post will appear shortly (as soon as I have installed the requisite links to supplementary material of interest).

Until then, my apologies to anyone who might have been affected by changes in the website and to delays in posting.

I’ll hope to see you again soon, and in the meantime, let’s try to make the most of the stormy days of life. Your taxi cab to safety is probably just around the corner!  Wishing you a great holiday weekend!

—  Jim

Sketches on a Late Winter’s Eve

In my last post, my remarks were shaped by the late winter storms and rains which dominated my thoughts that late-winter night.  The season continues (as do the rains), as Spring officially begins this month.  Officially, they say my particular part of the country is out of the drought, but dry conditions are predicted to prevail over much of the southern half of the country, and even in parts of the northern US as we move into 2012.

These conditions are reportedly brought on by a cyclic cooling in the Pacific Ocean, referred to as “La Nina”.  This past year, as La Nina was winding down, it started forming again, so much of the country will experience continued drought conditions perhaps well into this year, and possibly even beyond.  In addition, our winter was unusually mild this year due to the action of the jet stream which arched across the country from west to east, moving to the north this past winter, pulling warmer southern air up over most of the US.  Of course, this was balanced by the extreme cold weather in Europe, mentioned in the previous blog post.

In any event, as I mentioned before, the mild winter may bring unusually severe storms as Spring approaches this year, and so my thoughts continue to be focused around thoughts of past work with a weather-related theme.  The Alberta prairie-storm scene discussed and portrayed in the last blog, featured a typical storm scene with grain elevators and railroad cars illuminated by the slanting rays of the sun before sunset, and set against a backdrop of darkening skies and blowing dust ahead of the oncoming storm.

The scene was depicted in a realistic style, with reasonably accurate suggestions of the shapes of the buildings, railroad cars, trucks and other elements of the scene, including even the fallow plowed fields in the foreground (unfortunately the image was probably too small to see much of the detail, but you get the idea).  Such painting is referred to as representational, and even realism, if carried to the extreme.  It was not my intention in that painting to produce a highly finished or polished work at the level of realism, and that is often the case with the work of many artists.  I am often motivated more to capture the essence of a scene and to convey the feeling or an emotion associated with it, than I am in rendering every detail.  The whole issue of how much to include or not to include in a work, and the degree to which it should be finished and even possess photographic-like qualities, could be the subject of many blog posts, indeed.  If you’d like to see examples of extreme realism in painting (photo-realism, hyper-realism), I might refer you to the work of Richard Estes, for example.  Another artist, often credited with being among the first of the modern photo-realists (though he himself did not necessarily agree with the title), and one whom I had the opportunity to know, was John Kacere, known primarily for his realistic figurative works.

Today, many artists are influenced by the ground breaking work of the Impressionist school, and much of our art today is not of the highly polished or finished variety, but rather is more “loosely” rendered, often with some parts more finished than others, and in which what is left unsaid can be as important as what is said (or shown).  After all, the mind delights in challenge, and we sometimes gravitate more to work that leaves something to the imagination, or to be completed in some way in the mind of the viewer.  The Impressionists, in particular, sought ways of conveying the sense of light and color in nature by painting in a way that prompts the mind to reconstruct the visual sensation from what is actually seen in the painting (small adjacent daubs of pure color which blend in the eye to form the desired hues when viewed from a distance, for example).

To continue with our theme, we’ll stay focused on stormy weather and take another look inside the mind and soul of the artist, again.  This time, however, the artist is not going to be working from an actual scene he has witnessed, but is simply inspired to create something related to the abstract idea of a prairie storm.  The real intent is to simply throw away all convention, grab a suitable set of tools, and go to work without a detailed plan, and let creativity roam free to produce whatever will come of it (sometimes good, sometimes not so good, but always a surprise).

In my case, and for the sake of this discussion, I often experience the desire to do just what I have described.  A favorite set of tools for this is a large sheet of paper (typically newsprint, about 18X24 inches in size) and some suitable pieces of charcoal for “painting” on the paper.  Charcoal is a wonderfully expressive medium for artists to work with, enabling everything from fine line work to broad, expressive strokes; and to a virtual spectrum of shades of gray (by smearing), for defining form.  A common expression relating to this kind of work is the word “chiaroscuro”, which according to Webster, refers to a type of art employing only light and shade, omitting colors.  Artist charcoal comes in several useful degrees of hardness, all of which find their place in pictorial rendering.  The charcoal itself, of course, is obtained by burning wood in a relatively oxygen-free environment.  The wood used for artist’s charcoal is often willow, and the charcoal is often compressed (or even mixed with certain clays) to form a more substantial and refined drawing/painting tool.  The paper used must not be too smooth, but must have a “tooth” (a certain degree of roughness), enabling it to hold the charcoal dust within its fibers.  For that purpose, newsprint (which has not been printed on) is one of the least expensive of the suitable media for charcoal drawing, but many very fine hand-made acid-free papers are available for work which is intended to be archival (able to survive for very long periods of time into the future).

In any event, on days like the one I am describing, the act of drawing becomes a form of physical exercise, or dance (painting and drawing are often suggestive of dance, as the whole body often becomes involved in the process, and it is for this reason that many artists like to work “large”, with sweeping gestures (on large sheets of paper, canvas, boards, walls, barns, or whatever)).  For the sake of our discussion today, “large” will mean 18X24 inches.  The drawing itself will not be done so much by the actions of the hand or wrist, as by the arm and the whole body moving in a harmonious way, and with little regard to fine detail of any kind.  The whole idea is to simply catch the essence of whatever is in the artist’s mind (if there is anything at all in there) and to have a good time being expressive and creative.

Perhaps a brief aside might be in order here.  If you are overwhelmed by the world of everyday reality, and seek escape, and an alternative to romance novels, action-packed westerns, TV drama, etc, etc, then an alternative that is possibly even more fulfilling might interest you.  Grab a large piece of suitable paper; buy a small assortment of charcoal sticks (sticks, not pencils, for large work) and let yourself go!  You may be amazed at what can happen with a little effort.  By the way, if you do, you’ll want a “kneaded” eraser (very soft, kneadable rubber especially made for the purpose), and something like a small piece of chamois (sheep skin) or anything similar (an old T-shirt, for example), for smearing and creating shades of gray.  The creative possibilities before you are now endless and you will have become an active, rather than a passive participant in your pastime!

Meanwhile, back to the main theme for today.  Having done what I have just described, I simply mounted the paper on an upright board (an easel can be handy), and proceeded to “attack” it with pure abandon and little forethought, with the stick of charcoal.  The result will usually be a bold statement of some sort and with a little pushing and shoving here and there, you can start to mold it into whatever it may suggest to you (in my case, I already had a storm theme in mind).  Well, here is the result of a fairly short, but thoroughly enjoyable session with the charcoal:

Prairie Storm Sketch w/charcoal

Prairie Storm Sketch w/charcoal on paper

Based on my somewhat limited knowledge of weather (I have attended a “storm spotter” class), I constructed what might be recognized as a strong shaft of updraft air, billowing out at the top into the characteristic “anvil” formation.  I then splashed some clouds all around, threw in some kind of foreground (reminiscent perhaps of prairie) and tossed some mounds suggestive of distant mountains on the horizon beneath the whole mess.  I do not claim that I have created a great work of art, but I do claim that I had a good time doing it, and that’s what it’s all about.  Use your imagination, and be creative and expressive!  This is surely one of the most important sides of the artistic creative experience and one that I enjoy engaging in on a regular basis (I’ll show more examples of this in later blogs).  To the musical side of my mind, an image of this sort, intended to be a powerful statement, might be described as “Wagnerian” .  I can even hear the distant thunder and see the flashes of lightning when I think about it, and perhaps even the Valkyries are thundering along somewhere in the distance!  Having said that, the work of another artist whom I knew comes to mind, and  we may pay a visit to him in the next post.

Lest this latest post turn into a short novel, I will quickly bring this to an end with an additional commentary.  Having finished with the charcoal experience, I felt like I’d like to do something very similar with paint and a few colors, just for variety, and so I grabbed a canvas board (in this case not so large) and a very few oil paints, and taking a bristle brush in hand, proceeded to replicate the experience with my new tools.  Here, for your amusement, is the result of that quick and spontaneous effort.  You’ll have to agree that this is not a finished painting by any stretch of the imagination, but it was fun and I sort of like it (which is of no consequence, whatsoever).

Quick oil rendering prompted by charcoal sketch

Prairie Storm from charcoal sketch rendered in oil on canvas

No, this is not the serious side of art, it is the other side, but an important one and one which helps to mold us and our skills as artists.  And whether you see yourself as an artist or not (even though ancient cave and wall paintings attest to the fact that humans have been experimenting with art for many thousands of years), you can have a good time just engaging in this primal instinct which seems to reside in all of us!

I hope I was not too long-winded today, but you are dealing with a former teacher and I think it’s just part of my nature – I’ll probably always have something of the spirit of teaching in me, and it seems that it will come out, whether intended or not.  In any event, this concludes my latest journey into the magnificent and seemingly unlimited world of art, which leaves plenty of material for future excursions!  Thanks for joining me!  I’ll hope to see you again soon.

Until next time….

—  Jim